After several weeks of relative calm, Putin has ordered a major airstrike on the rebel-held areas of eastern Aleppo, Syria.
People inside the city have reported a heavy bombardement of attacks and at least three people died within a few hours, the Guardian reports.
The attacks came just hours after Russian president Vladimir Putin met with Donald Trump to discuss ‘international terrorism and extremism’.
The Russian defence minister, Sergei Shoigu, said that Russia had launched a new missile strike against IS in Syria with its aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov.
The Russian bombing of Aleppo has been particularly contested because the presence of IS, in what was Syria’s largest city, is low and so the high level of bombings and strikes are being used on trapped civilians.
What was Syria’s cultural and commercial hub is now no more than rubble.
One woman, who regularly tweets daily updates of life under occupation, said she has heard of 20 bombs fall since the new airstrike started.
Civilians are reported to be ‘scared’ and the Russian bombardment is ‘intense’.