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Loud Snoring Is Caused By Having A Fat Tongue, Expert Finds

by : Lucy Connolly on : 11 Jan 2020 18:15
loud snoring linked to fat tongue 1loud snoring linked to fat tongue 1PA Images

Growing up, society has taught us to be self-conscious of our weight, with ‘fat’ being pitted against ‘skinny’ in ways ultimately resulting in us spending way too much time worrying about individual body parts.

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‘Eurgh. I can’t stand the sight of my arms,’ ‘My stomach’s so fat,’ ‘Why on Earth are my legs the size of tree trunks?!’ I can pretty much guarantee you’ve never worried about the fatness of your tongue, though.

That is, until now. Because apparently having a fat tongue means you may be at greater risk of sleep apnoea, a condition where your breathing stops and starts while you sleep and can cause loud snoring, noisy breathing and jerky movements.

woman sticks tongue outwoman sticks tongue outPexels

I know what you’re thinking: what constitutes a fat tongue and how are we supposed to know if we have one?!

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Apparently, you have a fat tongue if you cannot see your entire uvula – the ball-like protrusion that hangs down from the roof of your mouth – when you open your mouth and stick your tongue out all the way.

While scientists already knew sleep apnoea was more likely in people who were overweight or obese, and that it improved when they lost weight, up until now they didn’t know why. Scientists were also aware that larger and fattier tongues were more common among obese patients.

Fatty tongues are now thought to be a risk factor, with a new study in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, via the BBC, finding every extra 1% tongue weight loss equated to a 1% reduction in the risk of sleep apnoea. Researchers also found when people lose weight in their body, they lose weight in their tongue.

person asleep in bedperson asleep in bedPexels

Over the course of six months, researchers studied 67 people with obstructive sleep apnoea who were obese, and through diet or weight loss surgery the patients lost nearly 10% of their body weight, which improved their symptoms by 30%.

Dr Richard Schwab, chief of Sleep Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, said:

Most clinicians, and even experts in the sleep apnoea world, have not typically focused on fat in the tongue for treating sleep apnoea.

Now that we know tongue fat is a risk factor and that sleep apnoea improves when tongue fat is reduced, we have established a unique therapeutic target that we’ve never had before.

The researchers now plan to work out which low-fat diets are particularly good at slimming down the tongue.

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University of PennsylvaniaUniversity of PennsylvaniaWikimedia

Who knew, ey?

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Lucy Connolly

A Broadcast Journalism Masters graduate who went on to achieve an NCTJ level 3 Diploma in Journalism, Lucy has done stints at ITV, BBC Inside Out and Key 103. While working as a journalist for UNILAD, Lucy has reported on breaking news stories while also writing features about mental health, cervical screening awareness, and Little Mix (who she is unapologetically obsessed with).

Topics: Life, Health, Science, Sleep, Sleep apnoea, snoring

Credits

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine and 1 other
  1. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

    Effect of Weight Loss on Upper Airway Anatomy and the Apnea Hypopnea Index: The Importance of Tongue Fat

  2. BBC

    Fatty tongues could be main driver of sleep apnoea