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Human Trials Set To Begin For Bionic Eye That Links To Brain Chip

by : Cameron Frew on : 16 Sep 2020 13:59
Human Trials Set To Begin For Bionic Eye That Links To Brain ChipHuman Trials Set To Begin For Bionic Eye That Links To Brain ChipPikist/Monash University

After 10 years of development, Australian scientists are preparing their blindness-curing bionic eye for human trials. 

The Gennaris bionic vision system is a groundbreaking work of technology, the ‘world’s first’ brain implant aimed at restoring sight in humans. The system comprises of ‘custom headgear with a camera and wireless transmitter, a vision processor unit and software, and a series of 9x9mm tiles’.

Coming from the whizzes at Monash University, it’s hot on the heels of Elon Musk’s Neuralink, a brain chip that will reportedly help with blindness, Parkinson’s disease, quadriplegia, as well as potentially allowing users to communicate telepathically or stream music directly to their brain.

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Monash University Vision SystemMonash University Vision SystemMonash University

On the university’s website, it explains that ‘many people who are blind have damaged optic nerves, which prevent signals being transmitted from the retina to the vision centre of the brain’. Ergo, the ‘bionic eye’ bypasses this damage, ‘making it possible to treat many conditions for which other technologies have limited benefit’.

Explaining further how the system works, it adds: ‘The scene captured by the video camera in the headgear will be sent to the vision processor – similar in size to a smartphone – where it will be processed to extract the most useful information.’

Monash University Vision System 4Monash University Vision System 4Monash University
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From here, the ‘processed data will be transmitted wirelessly to complex circuitry within each implanted tile; this will convert the data into a pattern of electrical pulses, which will stimulate the brain via the microelectrode array’.

In turn, this should ‘provide enough information for the user to navigate indoor and outdoor environments, and recognise the presence of people and objects around them’.

Monash University Vision System 3Monash University Vision System 3Monash University

Dr. Yan Wong from the Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute said:

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The commercialisation of the bionic vision technology also ties in nicely to our plans for exploring further applications beyond vision and spinal cord injury, such as the moderation of epilepsy and depression, brain-controlled prosthetics, and the restoration of other vital senses.

As a result of the Federal Government’s Medical Research Future Fund (MRFF) Frontier Health and Medical Research Program, the project received $1 million last year, with more fundraising to come. ‘It aligns with our capabilities in neurobionics at Monash University, and having an engaged industry partner to work alongside will be of enormous value,’ Dr. Wong added.

Monash University Vision System 2Monash University Vision System 2Monash University

In prior trials, researches implanted the 10 devices in sheep via a purpose-made insertion system. Incredibly, more than 2,700 hours of stimulation were performed without any observable adverse health effects.

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If successful in securing further funding, the team will look to create ‘a new commercial enterprise focused on providing vision to people with untreatable blindness and movement to the arms of people paralysed by quadriplegia, transforming their healthcare’.

Musk showed off the Neuralink chip on August 28, implanted in a pig named Gertrude. While definitely still in its infancy, with the demonstration intended as a proof-of-concept more than anything else, the startup has already raised more than $158 million in funding.

There’s currently no date for human trials of the Gennaris bionic vision system, nor the Neuralink.

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Cameron Frew

After graduating from Glasgow Caledonian University with an NCTJ and BJTC-accredited Multimedia Journalism degree, Cameron ventured into the world of print journalism at The National, while also working as a freelance film journalist on the side, becoming an accredited Rotten Tomatoes critic in the process. He's now left his Scottish homelands and taken up residence at UNILAD as a journalist.

Credits

Monash University
  1. Monash University

    Opening eyes to a frontier in vision restoration